• Joint Powers/Inter-governmental Agency

  • Members are water agencies within the Klamath Reclamation Project

  • Provides programs to align water supply and demand generally within the Project

  • Identifies areas for efficient use of energy

  • Exercises authority of a PUD

  • Obtain and provide transmission and delivery of Federal preference power for eligible On-Project and Off-Project Power Users


KWAPA is an interstate, intergovernmental agency formed to:

(1) develop and implement a plan to align water supply and demand for the irrigation districts and landowners generally within the Klamath Reclamation Project on an annual and on-going basis, conduct investigations related to the management of water resources, and generally act to provide beneficial water management; and

(2) to coordinate studies relating to the acquisition of generation and transmission facilities for electrical energy, coordinate transmission service over various facilities, including those of the United States and the charges for such transmission service and the policies governing such transmission, coordinate and maintain reserve generating and transmitting capacity, coordinate the sale of surplus capacity of energy, coordinate the purchase of energy and the allocation of tax credits, funds, and other resources available to offset the cost of electrical energy, and provide coordination in the realization of benefits of any program or activity intended to minimize the overall cost of electricity for irrigation and drainage in the Klamath Reclamation Project.


Cooperative Agreement between Dept. of Interior (Bureau of Reclamation) and the Klamath Water and Power Agency. 

The objective of WUMP was to allow stakeholders to develop market-based approaches to developing groundwater supplies and other innovative means of providing Klamath Project water supplies.  Supplementation of water for the Klamath Project was necessary due to increased deliveries for fish and wildlife purposes required by ESA.  The additional water maintained in Upper Klamath Lake for suckers and the increased flow requirements in the Klamath River for coho salmon are also causes for the need to supplement water supply.  KWAPA worked with the Klamath Basin Bureau of Reclamation Office, Oregon Water Resources Department (OWRD), Klamath Project Irrigation Districts, and others to determine the best value and deliverability of water being made available for Project use.


Demand Management 

Total participating acres =29368.19

 Final inspections were completed.

  • If you had access to irrigation water on October 1st you could begin irrigating.
  • Payment was issued for the Eastside contracts.
  • Partial payment was issued for the Westside program. This payment was issued in order to utilize remaining available funds for the 2015 fiscal year.
  • Final payment was issued in November.

Groundwater Pumping

Total acre feet pumped = 38,398. 

 Final payments were issued December 10th. 





Cooperative Agreement between Dept. of Interior (Bureau of Reclamation) and the Klamath Water and Power Agency.

The purpose of the Agreement was to address issues facing the irrigators of the Klamath Project relating to the terms of the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA).  Section 15.2.1 of the KBRA states “the purpose of the On Project Plan for the Klamath Reclamation Project is to align water supply and demand…” see document at:  http://kwua.org/sites/kwua.org/files/k.pdf.

KWAPA was charged with developing and implementing the On Project Plan (OPP). The purpose of the OPP was to reduce the need for diversion of water from Upper Klamath Lake and the Klamath River to align water use in the Klamath Reclamation Project to targets set in the KBRA. It was the goal of KWAPA to accomplish this purpose with the least reduction in crops produced.  It needs to be noted that the KBRA did not get authorized and funded by Congress by the sunset date of 12/31/15.  Therefore, the status of the OPP is unknown today.  The Bureau of Reclamation may consider points made in the OPP for inclusion into other plans.

The On Project Plan was developed to align water supply and demand within the Klamath Project and included elements of at least the following:

  • Conservation.  The current overall project efficiency is estimated to be 93% and therefore, is not a lot of water to be made available through conservation.  While there are instances where an individual farm may be very inefficient, conservation on that farm may have the net result of less water available on another farm and no net gain in availability of water. 
  • Additional storage.  This source of water has significant problems.  It is costly to build.  Availability of water for storage is highly uncertain.  Stored water may be lost to evaporation and seepage before it is needed.  The only instances where additional storage seems to make sense is in the case where there is a partnership to build storage for fisheries, water quality along with irrigation storage.

  • Use of ground water for supplemental irrigation.  While parts of the Klamath Basin appear to have abundant ground water, the impact of ground water pumping on surface water flows is not yet determined.  While ground water pumping will be a key component in the On-Project Plan, the extent to which it will fill the gap is yet to be determined.

  • Forbearance agreements.  It is not the intent to permanently dry up any land with a Project water right.

 The OPP was developed on a “build-as-you-go” approach to accommodate input from its irrigation constituents, partners, and OPP stakeholders.  The plan concluded in a series of Technical Memorandums (TMs) that build upon one another and culminate in a summary document.  The OPP Work Group completed the TM's, which was unanimously approved by the OPPAC and was approved by the KWAPA Board of Directors.  KWAPA and Bureau of Reclamation have put the process of NEPA/CEQA on hold as a result of the status of KBRA. 

See OPP Work Group and OPPAC member lists below.









On Project Plan Work Group

Hollie Cannon (KWAPA)

Cathy Waters (KWAPA)

Greg Addington (KWUA)

Ed Bair (KWAPA and Klamath Basin Irrigation District)

Dave Cacka (Klamath Irrigation District)

Bill Heiney (KWAPA and Tulelake Irrigation District)

Bill Ganong (KWAPA Legal Counsel)

Paul Simmons (KWUA & KWAPA Legal Counsel)

Marc Van Camp – Consultant Team (MBK Engineers)

Mark Deutschman – Consultant Team (Houston Engineering, Inc.)

Mark Oliver – Consultant Team (CH2MHILL)

Dan Keppen – Consultant Team (Dan Keppen & Associates)


On Project Plan Advisory Committee

The purpose of the OPPAC was to assist with developing the OPP using an open, transparent and collaborative inter-district approach.  The OPPAC provided guidance and advice to KWAPA staff and consultants during preparation of the OPP.  The OPPAC also made recommendations as needed to the KWAPA Board of Directors, including whether to approve and accept the final OPP.

OPPAC Members:

District Member

Enterprise Shane McDonald
KBID Ed Bair
Klamath Drainage Dist Luther Horsley
Klamath Hills  Rocky Liskey
Klamath ID Dave Cacka
Malin ID Luke Robison
Pine Grove n/a
Pioneer  Curt Mullis
Poe Valley Jason Chapman
Shasta View ID Gary Derry
Sunny Side Pat Patterson
Tulelake ID Earl Danosky
Van Brimmer David Jensen
Westside Steve Kandra


October 2011 OPPortunities newsletter, Volume I, Issue I

February 2012 OPPortunities Newsletter, Volume I, Issue 2

 April 2012 OPPortunities Newsletter, Volume I, Issue 3

September 2012 OPPortunities Newsletter, Volume I, Issue 4

 March 2013 OPPortunities Newsletter, Volume 1, Issue 5

December 2013 OPPortunities Newsletter, Volume I, Issue 6